Aphrodite’s medallion and Iranian sword found in Greek colony in Russia (PHOTOS)

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During excavations, as part of an archaeological expedition on the Taman Peninsula in Krasnodar Krai in Russia, a burial place was unearthed, presumably that of a priestess of the goddess Aphrodite.

Archaeologists also discovered an Iranian sword, indicating that Phanagoria, the largest Greek colony on the Taman Peninsula, participated in the region’s political processes.

“An interesting artifact was found in a burial from the 1st century AD. It is a silver medallion depicting Aphrodite and ten zodiac signs (all except Aquarius and Libra),” the Volnoe Delo foundation said in a statement. communicated.

“The maiden who wore it was a priestess or worshiper of the goddess. Other ornaments worn by her, such as rings and earrings, are also connected with the cult of Aphrodite

“These finds are further evidence that Phanagoria was an ancient Greek colony and that its inhabitants, at least until the 1st century AD, worshiped the Olympian gods and probably believed in astrology.”

Artifacts discovered during an archaeological expedition to the Taman Peninsula.
© Foto / Vitaly Timkiv/Volnoe Delo by Oleg Deripaska

Another find was an Iranian sword, as can be judged by its distinctive golden pommel on the wooden hilt. The weapon was part of the equipment of knights from the 4th to 6th centuries AD. The sword was found in the hiding place of a deep crypt with a military burial.

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Artifacts discovered during an archaeological expedition to the Taman Peninsula.
© Foto / Vitaly Timkiv/Volnoe Delo by Oleg Deripaska
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Artifacts discovered during an archaeological expedition to the Taman Peninsula.
© Foto / Vitaly Timkiv/Volnoe Delo by Oleg Deripaska

“Probably the sword was part of the diplomatic offerings of the East or was a trophy of war. This, in turn, allows us to conclude that during this period Phanagoria actively participated in political processes in the Black Sea region and in the Caucasus”, explains foundation.

Historians have also analyzed the contents of treasures and sacks, which were hastily hidden by the townspeople from the barbarians who attacked them.

Phanagoria was founded in the middle of the 6th century BC. BC by Greek settlers on the coast of the Gulf of Taman. The city was a major trading center for all traffic between the coast of the Maeotian swamps and the southern Caucasus countries.

It was the eastern capital of the Bosphorus kingdom, Panticapaeum being the western capital. Strabo described it as a remarkable city which was renowned for its trade.

Phanagoria was founded ca. 543 BC. AD by Teian settlers who had to flee Asia Minor following their conflict with the Persian king Cyrus the Great. The city took its name after one of these settlers, Phanagoras.

READ MORE: Ancient 1800-year-old Medusa military medal discovered in the ancient Greek city of Perre.

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